Hepatitis C is a liver disease brought on by the hepatitis C virus: the virus can generate both acute and chronic hepatitis, running in severity from a mild illness lasting a few weeks to a serious, ongoing illness.
What is Hepatitis C
The hepatitis C virus is a bloodborne virus and the most common modes of infection are through exposure to small quantities of blood. This may happen through injection drug use, unsafe injection practices, unsafe health care, and the transfusion of unscreened blood and blood products.
All over the world, an estimated 71 million people have chronic hepatitis C infection.
A critical number of those who are chronically infected will get cirrhosis or liver cancer.
Approximately 399 000 people die annually from hepatitis C, typically from cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma.
Antiviral medications can cure in excess of 95% of persons with hepatitis C infection, in doing so reducing the threat of death from liver cancer and cirrhosis, but accessibility to diagnosis and treatment is low.
There is at present no vaccine for hepatitis C; however research in this field is recurring.
Acute vs Chronic Hepatitis C
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) causes both chronic and acute infection. Acute HCV infection is often asymptomatic, and is only very rarely (if ever) related to life-threatening disease. About 15-- 45% of infected persons spontaneously clear the virus within 6 months of infection with no treatment.
The remaining 60-- 80% of persons will acquire chronic HCV infection. Of those with chronic HCV infection, the risk of cirrhosis of the liver is between 15-- 30% within 20 years.
Your liver is here your major internal organ and your body's workhorse. Among its many jobs are converting food into fuel, processing fat from your blood, clearing harmful read more toxins, and making proteins that help your blood clot. This hard-working, supersized organ is susceptible to an often hard-to-diagnose and dangerous health condition called nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, or NAFLD.
Liver disease - Fatty Liver
NAFLD is defined as the presence of fat in more than 5% of liver cells. It is the most commonplace liver disease and affects up to 25% of American adults, 60% of whom are men.
The disease raises your risk of heart disease and left untreated, NAFLD also can cause an inflamed liver, a condition called nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH).
In fact, as many as 40% of people with NAFLD develop NASH. NASH can lead to scarring of the liver; severe scarring, called cirrhosis, increases your risk of liver cancer.
A growing problem.
Taking too much alcohol can cause fat buildup in the liver, NAFLD affects people who consume little or no on sale alcohol.
Instead, the main culprit is surplus weight-- which causes extra fat to get stored in the liver-- and is associated with dyslipidemia (abnormally high LDL cholesterol levels, low HDL levels, or both), high blood pressure, and diabetes.
Fatty Liver & Obesity
As the number of overweight people has increased, so too has the prevalence of NAFLD. "Much of this can be attributed to a regular diet of more highly processed foods and significant amounts of carbohydrates, coupled with more sedentary lifestyles," says Dr. Kathleen Corey, director of the Fatty Liver Disease Clinic at Harvard-affiliated Massachusetts General Hospital. But still, she adds that some folks with fatty livers have none of these risk elements, which reveals that genes can play an important role.
Eating healthy and balanced
Creating healthy eating habits isn't as perplexing or as limiting as many people imagine. The fundamental steps are to eat mostly foods derived from plants-- vegetables, fruits, whole grains and legumes (beans, peas, lentils)-- and limit highly processed foods. Kickoff on your healthy diet by following the links in this article.
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